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Perception, Beliefs, and Attitudes Regarding Sedation Practices among Palliative Care Nurses and Physicians: A Qualitative Study

Abstract : Background: Palliative care teams face complex medical situations on a daily basis. These situations require joint reflection and decision making to propose appropriate patient care. Sometimes, sedation is one of the options to be considered. In addition to medical and technical criteria justifying the use of sedation, multiple psychosocial criteria impact the decision making of palliative care teams and guide, give sense to, and legitimize professional practices. Objective: The main goal of this study was to explore perceptions, experiences, and beliefs of palliative care teams about sedation practices in a legislative context (Claeys-Leonetti law, 2016; France), which authorizes continuous deep sedation (CDS) until death. Methods: This is a qualitative study using 28 semistructured interviews with physicians and nurses working in a palliative care team in France (PACA region). All verbal productions produced during interviews were fully transcribed and the contents analyzed. Findings: Content analysis revealed four themes: (1) sedation as a ''good death,'' (2) emotional experiences of sedations, (3) the practice of CDS, and (4) the ambiguous relationship with the Claeys-Leonetti law. Conclusions: This qualitative study provides evidence of a form of ''naturalization'' of the practice of sedation. However, the Claeys-Leonetti law exacerbates differences of opinion between palliative caregivers on sedation and questions the interest of this law for society and palliative care practices. clinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT04016038.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03244500
Contributor : Margaux Vieille Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 1, 2021 - 11:40:50 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 10:59:31 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, September 2, 2021 - 6:40:38 PM

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Margaux Vieille, Lionel Dany, Pierre Le Coz, Sophie Avon, Charlotte Keraval, et al.. Perception, Beliefs, and Attitudes Regarding Sedation Practices among Palliative Care Nurses and Physicians: A Qualitative Study. Palliative Medicine Reports, 2021, 2 (1), pp.160 - 167. ⟨10.1089/pmr.2021.0022⟩. ⟨hal-03244500⟩

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