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African Gene Flow Reduces Beta-Ionone Anosmia/Hyposmia Prevalence in Admixed Malagasy Populations

Abstract : While recent advances in genetics make it possible to follow the genetic exchanges between populations and their phenotypic consequences, the impact of the genetic exchanges on the sensory perception of populations has yet to be explored. From this perspective, the present study investi- gated the consequences of African gene flow on odor perception in a Malagasy population with a predominantly East Asian genetic background. To this end, we combined psychophysical tests with genotype data of 235 individuals who were asked to smell the odorant molecule beta-ionone (βI). Results showed that in this population the ancestry of the OR5A1 gene significantly influences the ability to detect βI. At the individual level, African ancestry significantly protects against specific anosmia/hyposmia due to the higher frequency of the functional gene (OR ratios = 14, CI: 1.8–110, p-value = 0.012). At the population level, African introgression decreased the prevalence of specific anosmia/hyposmia to this odorous compound. Taken together, these findings validate the conjecture that in addition to cultural exchanges, genetic transfer may also influence the sensory perception of the population in contact.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03432438
Contributor : Camille Ferdenzi Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, November 17, 2021 - 11:40:21 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 11, 2022 - 6:50:03 PM

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Harilanto Razafindrazaka, Veronica Pereda-Loth, Camille Ferdenzi, Margit Heiske, Omar Alva, et al.. African Gene Flow Reduces Beta-Ionone Anosmia/Hyposmia Prevalence in Admixed Malagasy Populations. Brain Sciences, MDPI, 2021, 11 (11), pp.1405. ⟨10.3390/brainsci11111405⟩. ⟨hal-03432438⟩

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