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Phy-inside-psych adjectives

Abstract : Object Experiencer verbs (ObjExpVs), like amuse, are causative predicates formed on a V naming an emotion (Ruwet 1991, Pesetsky 1995), here amusement. Others are physical verbs with a metaphoric meaning, like touch, naming the sensation produced by a psychological cause through the similarity with the physical action. but in reality no physical effect takes place. Both types of ObjExpVs can form Ving adjectives in English and Vant adjectives in French, such as amusing/amusant and touching/touchant. Conversely, there are certain Ving/ant adjectives that have an ObjExp reading without originating from a psych verb, such as jaw-dropping 'surprising' in English and marrant 'amusing' in French. It is a fact of human nature that emotions trigger certain physical effects. The verbs of such adjectives name the real physical effect of the psych cause. This article claims that, provided that the individual grammatical conditions of the language are respected, the language can display grammatical constructs of that form, namely, a psych construct with an embedded V naming the physical effect triggered by the psych cause, a phy-inside-psych construct.

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Contrary to adjectives like amusing and touching, certain Ving/ant adjectives have a psych reading without originating from a psych verb, such as jaw-dropping 'surprising' in English and marrant 'amusing' in French. It is a fact that emotions trigger certain characteristic physical effects. The verbs of such adjectives name that physical effect. This article claims that languages can, provided that independent grammatical conditions are respected, display constructs of that phy-inside-psych form, namely, a psych construct with an embedded V naming the physical effect triggered by the psych cause. This articles deals with such adjectives in two different languages, showing similarities and differences due to their particular grammar, and it offers an original analysis of effing adjectives along those lines.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-03103733
Contributor : Isabelle Haïk Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, January 8, 2021 - 12:25:09 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 7:04:43 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, April 9, 2021 - 6:53:39 PM

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Isabelle Haïk. Phy-inside-psych adjectives. CORELA - COgnition, REprésentation, LAngage, CERLICO-Cercle Linguistique du Centre et de l'Ouest (France), 2020, 18 (2), [18 p.]. ⟨10.4000/corela.12723⟩. ⟨halshs-03103733⟩

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