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Handling heterogeneous workflows in the Cloud while enhancing optimizations and performance

Abstract

The goal of a workflow engine is to facilitate the writing, the deploying, and the execution of a scientific workflow (i.e., graph of coarse-grain and heterogeneous tasks) on distributed infrastructures. With the democratization of the Cloud paradigm, many workflow engines of the state of the art offer a way to execute workflows on distant data centers by using the Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) or the Function-asa- Service (FaaS) services of Cloud providers. Hence, workflow engines can take advantage of the (presumably) infinite resources and the economical model of the Cloud. However, two important limitations lie in this vision of Cloud-oriented workflow engines. First, by using existing services of Cloud providers, and by managing the workflows at the user side, the Cloud providers are unaware of both the workflows and their user needs, and cannot apply specific resource optimizations to their infrastructure. Second, for the same reasons, handling the heterogeneity of tasks (different operating systems) in workflows necessarily degrades either the transparency for the users (who must provision different types of resources), or the completion time performance of the workflows, because of the stacking of virtualization layers. In this paper, we tackle these two limitations by presenting a new Cloud service dedicated to scientific workflows. Unlike existing workflow engines, this service is deployed and managed by the Cloud providers, and enables specific resource optimizations and offers a better control of the heterogeneity of the workflows. We evaluate our new service in comparison to Argo, a well-known workflow engine of the literature based on FaaS services. This evaluation was made on a real distributed experimental platform with a realistic and complex scenario.
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Dates and versions

hal-03922772 , version 1 (04-01-2023)

Identifiers

Cite

Emile Cadorel, Hélène Coullon, Jean-Marc Menaud. Handling heterogeneous workflows in the Cloud while enhancing optimizations and performance. CLOUD 2022 - IEEE 15th International Conference on Cloud Computing, Jul 2022, Barcelona, Spain. pp.49-58, ⟨10.1109/CLOUD55607.2022.00021⟩. ⟨hal-03922772⟩
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