Estimation of Spatially Correlated Random Fields in Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks

Abstract : We develop new algorithms for spatial field re- construction, exceedance level estimation and classification in heterogeneous (mixed analog & digital sensors) Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). We consider spatial physical phenomena which are observed by a heterogeneous WSN, meaning that it consists partially of sparsely deployed high-quality sensors and partially of low-quality sensors. The high-quality sensors transmit their (continuous) noisy observations to the Fusion Centre (FC), while the low-quality sensors first perform a simple thresholding operation and then transmit their binary values over imperfect wireless channels to the FC. The resulting observations are mixed continuous and discrete (1-bit decisions) observations, and are combined in the FC to solve the inference problems. We first formulate the problem of spatial field reconstruction, exceedance level estimation and classification in such heterogeneous networks. We show that the resulting posterior predictive distribution, which is key in fusing such disparate observations, involves intractable integrals. To overcome this problem, we develop an algorithm that is based on a multivariate series expansion approach resulting in a Saddle-point type approximation. We then present comprehensive study of the performance gain that can be obtained by augmenting the high-quality sensors with low-quality sensors using real data of insurance storm surge database known as the Extreme Wind Storms Catalogue.
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https://hal-imt.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01144852
Contributor : François Septier <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, April 22, 2015 - 7:35:04 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, October 17, 2019 - 12:35:47 PM

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Ido Nevat, Gareth W. Peters, François Septier, Tomoko Matsui. Estimation of Spatially Correlated Random Fields in Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks. IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2015, 63 (10), pp.2597--2609. ⟨10.1109/TSP.2015.2412917⟩. ⟨hal-01144852⟩

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