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Unsupervised segmentation of hidden semi-Markov non-stationary chains

Abstract : The Bayesian segmentation using Hidden Markov Chains (HMC) is widely used in various domains such as speech recognition, acoustics, biosciences, climatology, text recognition, automatic translation and image processing. On the one hand, hidden semi-Markov chains (HSMC), which extend HMC, have turned out to be of interest in many situations and have improved HMC-based results. On the other hand, the case of non-stationary data can pose an important problem in real-life situations, especially when the model parameters have to be estimated. The aim of this paper is to consider these two extensions simultaneously: we propose using a particular triplet Markov chain (TMC) to deal with non-stationary hidden semi-Markov chains. In addition, we consider a recent particular HSMC having the same computation complexity as the classical HMC. We propose a related parameter estimation method and the resulting unsupervised Bayesian segmentation is validated through experiments; in particular, a real radar image segmentations are provided
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01347981
Contributor : Médiathèque Télécom Sudparis & Institut Mines-Télécom Business School <>
Submitted on : Friday, July 22, 2016 - 9:59:50 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, September 26, 2020 - 3:25:36 AM

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Jérôme Lapuyade-Lahorgue, Wojciech Pieczynski. Unsupervised segmentation of hidden semi-Markov non-stationary chains. Signal Processing, Elsevier, 2012, 92 (1), pp.29 - 42. ⟨10.1016/j.sigpro.2011.06.001⟩. ⟨hal-01347981⟩

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