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Spatial Field Reconstruction and Sensor Selection in Heterogeneous Sensor Networks with Stochastic Energy Harvesting

Abstract : We address the two fundamental problems of spatial field reconstruction and sensor selection in heterogeneous sensor networks. We consider the case where two types of sensors are deployed: the first consists of expensive, high quality sensors; and the second, of cheap low quality sensors, which are activated only if the intensity of the spatial field exceeds a pre-defined activation threshold (e.g., wind sensors). In addition, these sensors are powered by means of energy harvesting and their time varying energy status impacts on the accuracy of the measurement that may be obtained. We then address the following two important problems: (i) how to efficiently perform spatial field reconstruction based on measurements obtained simultaneously from both networks; and (ii) how to perform query based sensor set selection with predictive MSE performance guarantee. To overcome this problem, we solve the first problem by developing a low complexity algorithm based on the spatial best linear unbiased estimator (S-BLUE). Next, building on the S-BLUE, we address the second problem, and develop an efficient algorithm for query based sensor set selection with performance guarantee. Our algorithm is based on the Cross Entropy method which solves the combinatorial optimization problem in an efficient manner. We present a comprehensive study of the performance gain that can be obtained by augmenting the high-quality sensors with low-quality sensors using both synthetic and real insurance storm surge database known as the Extreme Wind Storms Catalogue.
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Contributor : François Septier Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, January 12, 2018 - 5:00:02 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 7, 2022 - 8:14:05 AM

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Pengfei Zhang, Ido Nevat, Gareth W. Peters, François Septier, Michael A Osborne. Spatial Field Reconstruction and Sensor Selection in Heterogeneous Sensor Networks with Stochastic Energy Harvesting. IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2018, 66 (9), pp.2245-2257. ⟨10.1109/TSP.2018.2802452⟩. ⟨hal-01683049⟩



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