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Etude du revêtement des cavités minées dans un stockage adiabatique d'air comprimé

Abstract : Energy storage is a major challenge to ensure the safety of electrical networks and to promote the development of renewable energies. Veritable alternative to Pumped Storage Hydropower (PSH), the energy storage using compressed air (for CAES Compressed Air Energy Storage) is one of the most interesting technologies. In conventional systems currently in use, the compression energy is lost and the air is preheated during the expansion phase. This results in emission of CO2 and a low efficiency of about 50%. The AA-CAES (Advanced Adiabatic Compressed Air Energy Storage) aims to overcome these two drawbacks by storing the heat of compression in a thermal regenerator and restoring it before expansion in the turbine. Given the high thermal, mechanical and cyclic loading subject to the regenerator, the design of a lining capable of ensuring stability, insulation and sealing is a main issue of the system. This crucial point is the main axis around which this research is articulated. A laboratory testing campaign has been conducted to study the thermal, mechanical and hydraulic behavior of all materials involved in the underground regenerator excavated in a crystalline rock. For the humid air, whose thermodynamic behavior is not well studied within the range of the high foreseen temperatures and pressures, a new theoretical model was developed. In the same way, a thermo-hydro-mechanical model was developed for a deformable porous medium saturated with a compressible fluid. The implementation of this last model into a finite element numerical code was used to examine several lining configurations and to study the effect of coupling mechanisms on the temperature field and the mechanical stability. To validate the developments made and the proposed lining solutions, a prototype of a small scale regenerator combining temperature and pressure was built in the LITEN laboratory of CEA in Grenoble. The results of the conducted experiments and modeling revealed the importance of the convection phenomenon in the insulating bricks of the lining and the need to seal the system before thermal insulation.
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Submitted on : Friday, January 22, 2021 - 12:11:24 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03118525, version 1

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Anis El Murr. Etude du revêtement des cavités minées dans un stockage adiabatique d'air comprimé. Sciences de la Terre. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015ENMP0065⟩. ⟨tel-03118525⟩

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